Oslo was founded in 1000 AD, but over the following 900 years it went under a few different names, took a few hits from Norway’s battle with bubonic plague, was burnt down by a city-wide fire in the 17th century, and struggled with identity issues for a while when the whole country belonged to Sweden. It wasn’t until the beginning of the 20th century that Norway regained its power and Oslo went back to being called Oslo again. Since then, the city has gone from strength to strength, and even though it sounds like most of old Oslo is gone, you can still find remnants across the beautiful Norwegian capital. Popular Attractions
Oslo is famed for bursting with culture and cool sights, so visitors won’t be short of things to do here. Museum fanatics needs not worry - Oslo has you covered with an array of fascinating attractions. Discover the world from the eyes of a polar explorer at the Fram Museum, marvel at boats from the 9th century at the Viking Ship Museum, get into nature at the Natural History Museum, complete with botanical gardens, and please your inner geek at the Norwegian Museum of Science, Technology and Medicine. Like we said, you won’t be displeased. Those wanting to soak up a bit of art should head to the National Gallery, and also the Vigelandsparken Sculpture Park, which features over 200 sculptures from the treasured Gustav Vigeland. Akershus Fortress is where you need to be if you want to see some old Oslo. Built in the 13th century, this has been both a medieval castle and prison in its time, but is now one of Oslo’s greatest attractions to explore. Food
Since the dawn of time, humans in this region have had to protect themselves from harsh Scandinavian weather, and thus Norway’s palate is rich and warming. Here you’ll find lots of good quality lamb, as well as fish such salmon and arctic cod. These are often served with vegetables like potatoes, cabbage, and swede, among others, and berries also play a large role in Norwegian cuisine. Transport
Oslo is served by three airports, Oslo Airport (Gardermoen), Sandefjord Airport, and Moss Airport. When searching, your results may come up with any of these three, but Oslo Airport is the city’s, and Norway’s, main connection with the rest of the world. Most flights are from in and around Europe, but you can also find some connections from a few major cities elsewhere. Tips for Travelers
Oslo is a notoriously expensive city, as is the rest of Norway for that matter. Even though there are a few ways to get around its expensive nature, you might struggle if you’re on a serious budget. If you’re intending to check out a lot of attractions, consider buying an Oslo Pass, which can be bought for 24, 48, or 72 hours, and cost around $45, $66, $84, respectively. These give you free entry into over 30 museums, free public transport, some free parking, and discounts of dozens of other sights and activities. While it may be in Scandinavia, the temperature in Oslo isn’t arctic, thanks to the Gulf Stream. That said, it’s not exactly tropical either – think mild, more than anything. It can get up to around 22°C and in the depths of winter is can drop down to around -7°C. Fun Facts
The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded at Oslo City Hall. Norway is a longer country that you think. The distance from Oslo to Hammerfest, a town right in the far north of Norway, is the same as the distance from Oslo to Rome. Oslo went under by names Christiania, then Kristiania, before being renamed Oslo.